Myanmar Culture

Myanmar Culture


Puppet Show

Puppet Show Puppetry is the most popular show in Myanmar arts and culture. The puppets are backed by expert manipulators who conversed, joked and relative humorous stories through their puppets to the delight of the audience.  At least four manipulators took charge of a character using handling rods and strings at the back of the curtain and give voice to the puppets. Puppets are beautifully dressed in lavish embellishment with gilded materials and semi precious gems, depends on their characters. Puppet shows usually take place at pagoda festivals, which are like country fairs.

Marionette theater is now mostly confined to tourist venues in Yangon, Mandalay and Bagan.

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One of the first thing that the first time visitors notice sooner or later is the faces of the women of all ages and children coating with yellowish white substance. Then they ask the guide: What is that white stuff on their faces? What is that for? The guide explain them proudly about the "Thanaka" which is the beauty secret of Myanmar women. In the bedroom of a Myanmar woman on the floor besides the dressing table there has an 8" long Thanaka wood cutting, a flat circular surfaced whetstone or grind stone and a small water bottle with a pore on the lid. After a bath she sits at the whetstone put several drops of water on it and rub the Thanaka cutting on the whetstone continuously at a circular motion with body pressure. Because of the friction of water soaked whetstone and the Thanaka wood bark the paste forms on the whetstone. When the enough paste of Thanaka deposited on the whetstone, it has collected by forefinger and apply on the face and body.

Thanaka is truly an organic medication for a skin condition and multipurpose. Since mildly astringent and emits a fragrant aroma it is good to use as a combination of skin conditions, perfume and cosmetic. It cools the skin; control oiliness by tightens pores and thus prevents pimples, as well as being a most effective sun block. Its use originated with the women when transplanting rice seedlings in the paddy fields on the month of July, August under the tropical sun exposure. To protect from excruciating hot rays of the sun, the women wear thick layer of Thanaka on their arms and faces. For the city girls Thanaka is applied for beauty as natural make-up and for fragrant aroma. It should say Thanaka is the gift of the Saint to Myanmar women. Because Thanaka trees are very hardly thrive well on non-fertile soil of Upper Myanmar arid region where there has a little rainfall. Thanaka trees are perennials and the age must be 35 years old to be mature enough to yield good quality cuttings.



89% Theravada Buddhist. The remainder are Hindu, Muslim, Christian and animist. Many Buddhists also hold some animist beliefs, including worship of nats (spirits) which are rationalised as being disciples of the Buddha.

Social conventions 

Handshaking is the normal form of greeting, but only with the right hand; the left hand is associated with using the toilet. Full names are used, preceded by U (pronounced oo) in the case of an older or well-respected man's name, Aung for younger men and Ko for adult males; a woman's name is preceded by Daw. There are no inherited family names.

Courtesy and respect for tradition and religion is expected; for instance, shoes and socks must be removed before entering any religious building and it is customary to remove shoes before entering a traditional home (in modern residences this may not be observed any longer except in bedrooms). When sitting, avoid pointing the soles of the feet towards people or in the direction of Buddha images as this is considered offensive. Dress should be modest, so both men and women should avoid shorts cut above the knee (a few local men wear shorts, but really long trousers are more appropriate if you can tolerate them in the heat). Mini-skirts and tight or revealing clothing should not be worn.

Language in Myanmar  

The official language is Myanmar (Burmese) but there are also many other dialects and languages. English is spoken in business circles and it’s possible to get by in English in major tourist areas, although a few words of Burmese are appreciated.There are also many languages and dialects one of the 135 different national races.

The current alphabet consists of 33 letters (consonants) and 12 basic vowels (sequential extensions lead to 21 vowels) which are combined with various symbols (4 in basic, 11 as a whole consonant combination symbols) to indicate the tones.


Dance in Burma could be divided into dramatic, folk and village, and nat dances, each having distinct characteristics. Although Burmese dance continues to be influenced by the dance traditions of their neighbors, in particular Thailand (yodaya aka), it retains unique qualities that distinguish it using their company regional styles, including angular, fast-paced and energetic movements and focus on pose, not movement.

Sights of Myanmar

Myanmar is a jewel that has remained hidden for many years, but which is now opening to the world revealing astonishing natural splendor and an unparalleled cultural heritage. Having a civilization that’s more than 2,Five centuries old, Myanmar is a mysterious and magical land with magnificent temple architecture occur timeless and sublime landscapes. Everywhere visitors travels in Myanmar, they will encounter hospitable, inquisitive and friendly people willing to share their fascinating culture.

About Myanmar

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